Although reported to be poisonous to humans (all mammals), the fruit is attractive and desirable for all birds in fall and winter.
Flowers attracts various bees, which are the main pollinators, including Halictid, mason, Andrenid, and plasterer bees. Ants and wasps are occasional visitors as well.
The Common Tan Wave moth (Pleuroprucha insulsaria) is known to feed on the flowers.
Birds that are attracted to those bright orange berries include pheasants, Eastern Bluebirds,Ccardinals, Wood Thrushes, Chickadees, Robins, Ruffed Grouse, Bobwhite Quail, and Wild Turkey. These same birds also disperse the seeds.
Deer and rabbits may browse the stems and leaves.