Description & Overview

Missouri Gooseberry is an upright arching shrub with stout thorns that encompass the stems. This Wisconsin native shrub can be found in our open woodlands, savannas, meadows, and woodland borders. Its white, hanging, trumpet-shaped flowers benefit pollinators, and the showy, agreeable fruit is enjoyed by humans and wildlife alike.

Core Characteristics

Category: Shrub

Wisconsin Native: Yes

USDA Hardiness Zone: to zone 3

Mature Height: 2-4 feet

Mature Spread: 3-5 feet

Growth Rate: Slow

Growth Form: Dense, rounded. Arching.

Light Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade

Site Requirements: Thrives in organically rich soils with consistent moisture.

Flower: Downward drooping, trumpet shaped. White

Bloom Period: April to May

Foliage: Bright Green

Fall Color: Red-orange

Urban Approved: No

Fruit Notes: Showy. Edible. Green when young, red to purple at maturity. Ripens mid-to-late summer.

Suggested Uses

Missouri Gooseberry has stout thorns, edible fruit, and showy, hanging white flowers that appear solitary or in clusters. The fruit may be picked off the plant and eaten fresh or used in juices, syrups, jellies, preserves, and pies. Each flower, once fertilized, is replaced by a globoid berry approximately 1/3″ across. The berry is initially green but ripens to a dull red or purple.

Because of the popularity of the fruit, Gooseberry can be seen planted in vegetable gardens and bird gardens.

This shrub may also be used ornamentally as a specimen, groupings near a patio, a shrub border, or in native restoration projects.

Missouri Gooseberry is an upright arching shrub with stout thorns that encompass the stems. This Wisconsin native shrub can be found in our open woodl…
Missouri Gooseberry is an upright arching shrub with stout thorns that encompass the stems. This Wisconsin native shrub can be found in our open woodl…

Wildlife Value

The nectar and pollen of the flowers are a significant attraction to bees, including honeybees, bumblebees, cuckoo bees, mason bees, halictid bees, and andrenine bees. Syrphid flies will also feed on the pollen.

Gooseberry is a host to small magpies (Eurrhypara hortulata), Green commas (Polygonia faunus), Io moths (Automeris io), Gray commas (Polygonia progne), Scallop moths (Cepphis armataria), Virginia Tiger moths (Spilosoma virginica), Currant Fruitworm moths (Carposina fernaldana), Currant Spanworm moths (Macaria ribearia), Barred Angle moths (Macaria subcessaria), Currant Clearwing moths (Synanthedon tipuliformis), Cecropia moths (Hyalophora cecropia), and Crocus geometers (Xanthotype sospeta).

Weevils, gall flies, leaf beetles, long-horned beetles, stink bugs, aphids, scales, sawflies are all insects that feed on Ribes missouriense and include Sumac Flea beetles (Blepharida rhois), Gooseberry gall midges (Rhopalomyia grossulariae), Four-lined plant bugs (Poecilocapsus lineatus), Twice-stabbed stink bugs (Cosmopepla lintneriana), Red Currant blister aphids (Cryptomyzus ribis), Green peach aphids (Myzus persicae), and Oyster Shell scale (Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis).

Several songbirds and upland game birds eat the fruits of Gooseberry. It’s a preferred food source for Hermit thrushes, Eastern Bluebirds, American Robins, Brown Thrashers, Northern Mockingbirds, Gray Catbirds, and Cedar Waxwings. As a thorny shrub, it also provides excellent habitat and cover for these birds as well as Bobwhite Quail, Wild Turkey, Ruffed Grouse, and Song Sparrows.

Mammalian gooseberry consumers include the American Black Bear, Raccoon, White-footed mouse, and deer mouse.

Maintenance Tips

Caring for Missouri Gooseberry starts with planting in a proper location. This shrub can be grown in full sun, but its preference is partial sun. The plant may fail to produce flowers and fruit in excess shade; however, it can grow well in different soil types and textures but prefers loamy or rocky soils high in organic material to retain moisture.

Gooseberry pruning is straightforward. The plant can become a tangled mess if allowed to grow unchecked. Cut back the shrub to allow additional airflow and sunlight to reach the center of the plant. This will help keep your gooseberry happy and healthy. In addition, prune out any dead or diseased branches. You might consider either the Thinning Cuts Method or “Haircut” Method of pruning.

Gooseberry tends to fruit heavier on branches between two and three years old. It is recommended to prune out any shoots older than three years old to encourage the growth of younger branches and fruit production of branches in their prime.

Missouri Gooseberry is an upright arching shrub with stout thorns that encompass the stems. This Wisconsin native shrub can be found in our open woodl…

Pests/Problems

White Pine Blister Rust is caused by an Asian fungus named Cronartium ribicola. This fungus was introduced into North America from Europe in the early 1900s. All North American white pines are susceptible. Don’t be fooled by the name; gooseberries aren’t off the hook. Alternate hosts of the disease include currants and gooseberries in the genus Ribes.

Contact an ISA-certified arborist for a disease identification and treatment plan if you believe your gooseberry, currant, or white pine has White Pine Blister Rust. We invite you to check out the Arborist For Hire lookup at the Wisconsin Arborist Association website to find an ISA Certified Arborist near you.

Leaf Lore

Gooseberry has a long and extensive history. For centuries, English horticulturists demonstrated impressive fervor over gooseberry growing and competed their gooseberries against one another. Gooseberry clubs or societies were formed in England in the mid-eighteenth century but peaked during the mid-19th century.

The first national register of Gooseberry competitions was published in Manchester in 1786. The center of Gooseberry competitors shifted to Cheshire and Yorkshire, where the surviving shows are held. The Egton Bridge Gooseberry show is the oldest surviving such competition. It was established in 1800, and the show has continued to host its annual exhibition by the Egton Bridge Old Gooseberry Society. Graeme Watson currently holds the Guinness World Records title for the heaviest berry. A Yellow Gooseberry variety known as ‘Millennium’ was grown and weighed in at the impressive size of 2.28oz.

Companion Plants

When grown for their fruit, Gooseberries are often accompanied by beans, legumes, tomatoes, chives, or herbs such as mint and oregano.

If planted in a bird garden, it would thrive with other fruit-bearing natives, such as Dogwood, Serviceberry, Witherod Viburnum, Chokecherry, and Eastern Wahoo.

Missouri Gooseberry is an upright arching shrub with stout thorns that encompass the stems. This Wisconsin native shrub can be found in our open woodl…
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Written by Miles Minter