Description & Overview

Montmorency is an old tart cherry variety that originated in Europe (supposedly France) and was brought to the U.S. in the 19th century. It has become the #1 tart cherry variety commercially grown in the U.S. and Canada. Noted for its very high yields of light colored red fruits that are yellow fleshed with a mild cherry flavor.

Core Characteristics

Category: Fruit Trees

Wisconsin Native: No

USDA Hardiness Zone: to zone 5

Mature Height: 18 feet

Mature Spread: 20 feet

Growth Rate: Moderate

Growth Form: Tree

Light Requirements: Full Sun

Site Requirements: Well-drained site

Flower: White

Bloom Period: Mid-May

Foliage: Green

Fall Color: N/A

Urban Approved: Yes

Fruit Notes: Excellent for making into all tart cherry products (pies, jam, cobblers ect).

Suggested Uses

N/A

Montmorency is an old tart cherry variety that originated in Europe (supposedly France) and was brought to the U.S. in the 19th century. It has become…
Montmorency is an old tart cherry variety that originated in Europe (supposedly France) and was brought to the U.S. in the 19th century. It has become…

Wildlife Value

Relished by birds and raccoons.

Maintenance Tips

This cherry variety does grow a little taller (18′) than most other tart cherry varieties (12′-15′). Not an issue commercially but for the home grower who wants to easily net the tree for bird protection it is a problem. While most cherry trees are grown with a central leader, this variety is perhaps best vase pruned for the home grower to provide better height control and easier picking.

Montmorency is an old tart cherry variety that originated in Europe (supposedly France) and was brought to the U.S. in the 19th century. It has become…

Pests/Problems

Birds are the major issue. Netting the tree or using any other bird scare tactics (hanging shiny metal strips in trees) may be necessary in order to get a good crop.

This variety is also somewhat prone to cherry leaf spot which can defoliate the trees by late summer. Preventative fungicide sprays can be applied to prevent or slow the spread of this fungal issue.

Leaf Lore

Montmorency is the most common tart cherry variety grown in the U.S. The state of Michigan and also Door County, Wisconsin are some of the major production areas of tart cherries in the U.S. It is no longer the only tart cherry variety grown in Door County but it still is the variety grown the most by volume. Montmorency is a ‘amarelle’ type cherry which has a lighter skin color and yellow flesh. It has a milder flavor than “morello’ type cherry varieties which have a darker flesh and very strong cherry flavor (preferred by the European market).

Companion Plants

Montmorency is self-pollinating.

Montmorency is an old tart cherry variety that originated in Europe (supposedly France) and was brought to the U.S. in the 19th century. It has become…
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Written by Paul Schwabe